All moving and non-moving parts of a car or a two-wheeler are equally important to each other, so do tyres and wheels. A whole branch of engineering is behind the manufacturing and working of tyres. So, let’s discuss some basic information about the tyres.
How to read a tyre
Identifying or to read a tyre is not a mammoth task. It is not at all a rocket science and it requires only the understanding of codes and numbers written on the tyre walls. Whether it is a two-wheeler or car tyre, all required data about that particular tyre usually writes on its outer walls.
Take this picture as an example:
205/55 R16 91 V is the markings on this particular car tyre.
205-stands for the width of the tyre in mm, which is measured between side walls of the tyres.
55–stands for the aspect ratio of the tire. It is the percentage representation of ratio of sidewall’s section height to the tyre’s section width.
R–the alphabet ‘R’ represents Radial tyres. Radial tyres are most advanced tyres with longer life and superior grip and control on road surfaces. It costs more than conventional tyres. The construction of radial tyres are different from conventional tyres.
16–represents the overall diameter of wheels in inches.
91–indicates the load capacity of tyres. It varies according to the types and purpose of the vehicle.
V–it is the speed rating of the tyre. Speed limit of each and every tyres are described in the form of alphabets from P to Y and ZR. V type tyres have a speed rating of 149kmph and ZR tyres are meant for 149 and above.
Tubeless and tube type tyres are also indicated with TL and TT symbols, along with other readings on the tyres respectively. The readings are quiet common for both motorcycles, cars and heavy-duty vehicles as the only difference may happens with the order of inscriptions.